The standard for the name " mushroom " is the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus; hence the word " mushroom " is most often applied to those fungi (Basidiomycota, Agaricomycetes) that have a stem (stipe), a cap (pileus), and gills (lamellae, sing. lamella)

Monday, 29 August 2011

Mushroom farming requires

Mushroom farming requires one to spend large monetary and time investment in growing mushrooms, marketing the produce and ensuring the operation is profitable. For one planning to propagate mushroom commercially, we have a guide that will introduce him to the basics of raising mushrooms .

Mushroom farming is a labour and time-intensive venture. If you are planning to start one, you must be ready to devote time attending to the complicated process of growing mushrooms, growing them profitably, and the tricky aspect of marketing your product.

Large mushroom growers have captured the wholesale market, if you are starting small, experts advise that you focus on a niche market. If you already have a vegetable farm, you can incorporate mushroom growing into the business.

Mushroom Growing -- Getting Started

The long process of growing mushroom involves getting and maintaining a mushroom culture tissue, using the culture to grow a mushroom starter (spawn), introducing the spawn to a substrate, and getting mushrooms to grow. The short process is to buy a spawn or mushroom kit from a commercial mushroom grower. Even then, you have to choose what species of mushroom to raise. Some fresh mushrooms are difficult to propagate profitably, some requires special conditions to grow, and some have limited market.

Mushroom Production and Profitability

Market demand usually dictates a mushroom grower’s choice of what variety to propagate. Oyster and shiitake mushrooms are usually recommended for beginners. They not only have an existing market, but can be raised in many substrates, on small scale with moderate investment. Volume is dictated in the same way by market demand. Before deciding on your production, survey volume demand, prices by talking to potential buyers and other producers.

Starting a mushroom farm can cost between $50,000 and a few hundred dollars for spending on a production system with growing rooms and offices. Getting profit from a mushroom farm takes two to three years. And between starting your farm and profitability, you would have to face thin fruiting, possible insect infestation of your crop and fluctuating market prices.

To get the most profit, small mushroom growers sell mushrooms at retail or to directly to farmers’ markets, grocery stores, gourmet chefs and restaurants rather than to wholesalers. To capture a market, they concentrate on being a supplier of fresh produce rather than of mushrooms in bulk.

Profitability is usually increased by finding a way to make the average 15-week mushroom production cycle short. Continued operation is ensured by establishing a long-lasting relationship with buyers, which also means a commitment to deliver a consistent amount of supply. Buyers are most likely to enter into a contract with growers that are able to consistently fulfil their orders .