The standard for the name " mushroom " is the cultivated white button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus; hence the word " mushroom " is most often applied to those fungi (Basidiomycota, Agaricomycetes) that have a stem (stipe), a cap (pileus), and gills (lamellae, sing. lamella)

Saturday, 27 August 2011

The magic secrets to Grow Mushrooms

 The way to Grow Mushrooms 

Fresh mushrooms  have grown to be one of the key ingredients for wide selection cuisines around the globe. Boost in demand from customers has given a boost to mushroom culture techniques. Mushroom company is being commercialized today and mushroom culture occupies a major portion of the agricultural sector. With modern techniques of tissue culture, emphasis is laid more on improving the quality of mushrooms produced on a large range. You must be amazed to know that mushrooms can be grown at home also. The next content shall let you know, how you can grow mushrooms in your own home.

How you can Grow Mushrooms at your house?

Growing mushrooms indoors is completely possible, if you know the correct techniques. The most important thing is to know the different mushroom types, in order to select the edible varieties. You should be able to distinguish the poisonous mushrooms from the edible ones, so that no harm is caused to your health after consumption. The edible varieties are as follows:
•           Coprinus comatus: Shaggy Mane
•           Hericium erinaceus: Bearded Tooth
•           Pleurotus ostreatus: Oyster Mushroom

The following steps shall provide you with the tips about growing mushrooms in your own home.

•           The very first thing is the setup bed. Raise a small plastic tent and place few small plastic tables inside it.

•           You need to maintain the temperature inside the growing house. It should be between 55° - 70°C (10°C variation permitted).

•           Keep the concrete floor and the tables clean.

•           Conditions must be humid inside the tent. You can use a home vaporizer to maintain humidity to 95%.

•           Keep an electric fan inside the growth culture house. Air circulation is important to avoid fungal infection.

•           Direct sunlight should be avoided. Light the inside with fluorescent bulbs or place the tables under indirect sunlight.

•           Now fill pillow cases with clan wheat straw (3 inches long). Soak them in hot water. Remove the straw from hot water and allow the water to drain for few hours.

•           Clean the cultivation area with 10% bleaching solution to maintain sterility.
•           Now transfer the drained saw into plastic bags. This forms the growth medium of mushrooms.
•           Purchase a good quality mushroom spawn from reputed suppliers. Now add mushroom spawns to the plastic bags. Shake vigorously, so that the spawns mix with the straws.

•           Seal the bags tightly to create a block. Make holes on the bags (20 to 50 times) with a sterilized needle for proper air circulation.
•           You can either cover the plastic blocks with garbage bags or place them in total darkness.
•           The fan should run and vaporizer must be activated along with optimal temperature.
•           Within a few days, small bumpy warts will develop over the plastic bags. Remove the bags for development of mushrooms from warts.

•           Let them grow completely and then pick up for further use
Grow Mushrooms from Spores: Cells Culture

In a commercial sense mushrooms are grown from spores by the technique of tissue culture. Spores from different types of edible mushrooms are collected and then specific procedures of growing mushrooms are carried out. Spore culture is important for maintaining genetic diversity and for isolation and testing of new strains. The medium used for culturing the spores is Malt Extract Agar (MEA). The culture is processed in petri plates under appropriate conditions of tissue culture. Maintaining sterile conditions throughout is vital for successful completion of mushroom culture and then storing mushrooms under hygienic conditions determines the quality of the product.

The above mentioned tips on growing mushrooms must have helped you to know how to grow mushrooms at home. Follow the procedure step wise and ensure that conditions are adequately maintained. Harvest at home and spice up your dish with some delicious mushroom recipes.

0 Responses to “The magic secrets to Grow Mushrooms”

Post a Comment